Oil IT Journal Volume 28 Number 2


Under the Cognite Data Fusion hood

Oil IT Journal Interviews Geir Engdahl, CTO and co-founder of Cognite. Cognite Data Fusion is built atop a PostgreSQL database. A new API, a.k.a the PG3, a ‘Pretty Good Property Graph for PostgreSQL’ allows for ad-hoc model extensions. Cognite likes standards, graphs and open source software. Has Oil IT Journal’s long time skepticism regarding the Semantic Web been misplaced?

This article is approximately 984 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


Siemens ‘pioneers’ digital bond issuance

Digital bond on blockchain sold directly to investors. But where are the safeguards for money laundering and tax avoidance?

This article is approximately 348 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


AI in maintenance – are you sure?

What does optimization mean: better or cheaper? Oil IT Journal editor Neil McNaughton ponders the issue in the light of AI in equipment maintenance, with an imagined court case following a future disaster. Discourse overheard at CERA week may play into the prosecution’s hands. Oh, and an unrelated footnote on Mr. Fabelman senior.

One of the earliest use cases for AI was in operations – specifically in maintenance. This is not my field and I admit to having been surprised by the notion that there were significant benefits to come from ‘optimizing’ maintenance. As I see it there are two kinds of potential benefits here. An ‘optimal’ maintenance program ought to result in less breakdowns, less production loss and consequently more revenue. That’s good but it does not necessarily mean spending less. This ‘optimal’ may cost more. The other potential benefit involves using super smart analytics to achieve the same (or perhaps better) results with a reduced spend on maintenance. The first kind of benefits are like apple pie. The second kind sounds a bit dodgy.

Imagine if an operator is using AI to achieve the same with less spend. And imagine that things go wrong. There is a major accident. An offshore field blows up. There are deaths and a trial. The maintenance program is called into question. Figures are produced showing a year on year reduction in inspection and maintenance which meant that some bad kit was not spotted in time. The judge asks, ‘How did you establish this reduced maintenance program?’ The operator is forced to admit that the AI system came up with the new program. ‘And how did it achieve such a result?’ ‘Well we can’t actually answer that question because the reasoning is kind of hidden in the neural net – we don’t actually understand how AI comes to its conclusions’. Maybe in a couple of years time defendants will be answering the same question with ‘Because ChatGPT told us it would be OK’, but I digress.

You may think that this is preposterous. I think it is preposterous myself. But that was before I listened to one of the talks given at the 2023 CERA week on ‘Transforming workflows and operations with AI and data’. This was presented by SLB’s (formerly Schlumberger) Sujit Kumar who explained how ‘Digital transformation is […] helping companies do more and achieve better performance, with less. Using AI, data analytics, and machine-learning techniques, it is now possible to realize tangible cost and time savings across data-intensive processes, reducing tasks that took months and years into days and hours’.

The first parts of Kumar’s talk correspond to the apple pie style of benefits, one applied AI to prolific data streams to optimize well performance, the other was a ‘smart gas plant’ developed for DCP midstream with AI boutique Geminus. But it was Kumar’s concluding remarks that made my mouth drop. In his summary he stated, ‘Cost reduction was substantial in both examples. Once you have activities like a smart maintenance program [ in place ], you are not doing maintenance as often as before. You are not doing inspection as often as before. You are reducing a huge amount of human footprint and machinery footprint’. Wow! I would not like to be a defendant with a witness like that! Imagine the CSB video interview of the inspectors who were ‘let go’.

~

On an unrelated topic, while, as one does, futzing around on my smartphone on the subject of Steven Spielberg’s excellent autobiographical film The Fabelmans, I read up a bit on his dad, Arnold Spielberg . Arnold was quite a star in the IT world, migrating from the field of electronical engineering and setting up GE’s Industrial Computer Department in 1957, before working on what might be termed the digital transformation of point of sale systems. Why am I telling you this? Well, next time you hear a presenter dissing the old folks who ‘don’t get digital’, think of Arnold. Next time you hear a speaker trotting out the old trope that digital transformation is something shiny and new, think of GE in 1957. Arnold died in 2020, aged 103. More of his interesting life on Wikipedia.


Geomatics in the Energy Transition

New USBL spec. ARC’s TIDE data management. Woodside on new IOGP data models.

This article is approximately 211 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


You want BIG data?

Norwegian Petroleum Directorate’s Avatara*-P project builds massive digital palynology dataset. Diskos 2.0 up and running on Landmark and Kadme.

This article is approximately 325 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


Software, hardware short takes

Altair’s RapidMiner converged platform. Aperio DataWise 2.0. ArrayFire Quantum Simulator. AspenTech DataWorks unit. Bluware’s InteractiveAI 4. East Daley Analytics’ Energy Data Studio. EnergyMarketPrice announces Prophet AI Prognosis. Element Analytics’ Unify 5.0. Getech new Exploration Analyst/Data Assistant releases. New Grapher from Golden Software. Ikon updates Curate, RokDoc. Kongsberg Digital launches ‘Industrial Work Surface’. Caliper’s Maptitude 2023/Online. Optime Subsea’s eSCILS deployed. Eliis’ Paleoscan 2022.2. Canonical releases real time Ubuntu. New ResInight from Ceetron. Siemens Field Data Enablement portfolio. Volume Graphics’ VGStudio Max. WellDatabase 23.1.

This article is approximately 906 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


2023 ABC Wellsite Automation Conference

Oxy/ISA on automating CCS operations. Qube on new EPA emissions regulations. Vermillion’s VETVision for exception-based operating. Oxy’s AVOID hardware for cloud-based fugitive emissions detection. Peavy Energy Ventures on methane and the US Inflation Reduction Act. Woodside’s automated data science workflow. Kuva Systems and the EPA ‘super emitter’ proposal. Signal Fire’s MQTT-based ‘sensor to cloud’ solution. And also … Ndustrial.io, Techneaux, Akinê.

This article is approximately 1235 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


Folks, facts, orgs …

North Sea Transition Authority. Add Energy. US CSB. BP, Energy Institute. ENG. Eliis. Fern Communications. Flogistix. Genasys. H2 Green. Halliburton. IHRDC. IOGP. Intelligent Wellhead Systems. Petrosys. Process Service Specialists. Rockwell Automation. Ryder Scott. SCA. Shell. Stampede Drilling. TechnipFMC. Validere. Williams. XetaWave. CO-LaN. OSIsoft.

This article is approximately 637 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


Standards stuff

API Webstore. Digital Twin Consortium and OPC Foundation ‘liaise’. IOGP classifies well control incidents, looks into eye tracking. ISA’s ‘consensus-based’ Scada. ISO 14068 GHG reporting. New Modelica version and user guide. US prototypes ‘open knowledge network’. OGC OK’s FlatGeobuf, kicks-off GeoDCAT. OPC UA FX and OPAS to converge. XBRL Guide reporting formats.

This article is approximately 707 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


FloCon 2023 network security conference

Aramco’s ‘Guppy’ security data lake. Chevron in-houses cyber intelligence provision. Databricks open-sources cyber detection pipeline.

This article is approximately 483 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


Cognite Data Fusion compliant with DNV RP A204

Data platform underpins Aker BP’s Yggdrasil development. CDF announced as compliant with DNV QA recommended practice. But what exactly does ‘compliance’ mean?

This article is approximately 367 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


Regulatory round-up

EPA fines for Permian Resources Operating, Matador Production. Texas RRC challenges EPA ozone plan. EU Net Zero Industry Act to accelerate CCS. North Sea Transition Authority team oversees CCS projects. Uganda joins Danr hub. UK launches taxonomy oversight group, releases best practice guide.

This article is approximately 388 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


Going, going … green

EPA $27 billion GHG reduction fund. AspenTech’s Operational Insights. Iconic Air’s Emissions Intelligence. UK’s Climate Resilience Demonstrator. EU low-carbon Model Explorer. Envana Catalyst. New Mexico OK’s Flogistix. PetroMasila uses flare gas. Gas Liquids Engineering. Azuli launched. Inmarsat: ‘ESG reporting not believable’. Carbon Disclosure Project: Only 12 companies out of 18,700 merit ‘Triple A’. Canada ends for fossil fuel. TSOR teams with Eion on CO2 removal. Chevron, Baseload Capital team on geothermal. EU funds Energy Dome’s CO2 battery. Pason Systems’ sustainability report. Graforce a winner in Petronas ‘Race2Decarbonise’. IEAGHG’s CO2DataShare. Kontrol Technologies, LNG emissions and GIIGNL framework. MiQ certifies CF Industries’ natural gas. Project Canary certifies Hyperion Midstream operations, teams with Xpansiv. Occidental/1PointFive kicks of DAC in Permian Basin. CanERIC, PTAC and Canada’s CRIN. GeothermEx audits Deep Earth Energy. TOG Enterprise Architecture and sustainability. API/Ipieca Guide to sustainability reporting in oil and gas.

This article is approximately 1598 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


Done deals

ABL Group buys AGR. AEGIS acquires ARM hedging advisory. Core Lab delists from Euronext, redomesticates to US. Dawson buys Breckenridge acquisition assets. Energy Aspects has acquired OilX. NV5 buys L3Harris. PetroLedger bags Associated Resources. Repay sells Blue Cow Software to PDI. Risilience closes funding with Quantum Innovation. SLB bags Gyrodata. ADV Integrity acquires Velentium oil and gas division. Veritas Capital has acquired WoodMac. I.Safe Mobile invests in Senseven. mCloud ‘exploring strategic alternatives’.

This article is approximately 598 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


Sales, partnerships, deployments …

Oracle cloud for Saudis. IP.21 for DuPont. Bell Geospace, Saudi Geophysical team. Shell and Bluware. CGG and 2CRSi, NetApp. Delek rises with SAP. Emerson automates the Golden Triangle. Genasys emergency management for Aramco. DecisionSpace 365 for Hess, Petrobras. IntelliShift, Procore partner. Parsons and Microsoft. Rockwell and Cognite. Sierra Digital and SAP BTP. Seeq process health for Williams. Sinopec buys more Sercel kit. Aker BP and TechnipFMC. Balance e-biz for Vallourec.

This article is approximately 787 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


AMG World Oil & Gas Automation and Technology Week

Corys: ‘digital twins challenge best practices beliefs’. Veerum: ‘Visual machine learning out-of-the-box’. Streamline Control on MQTT/Sparkplug-based Scada. MagellanX wearables for health and safety. Wazoku/Innocentive and the Oil Spill Recovery Institute. Yokogawa update on OPAS process ‘standard of standards’.

This article is approximately 652 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


Siemens and the IIoT Digital Data Chain

Digital Data Chain Consortium work leveraged in ‘digital nameplate’ for plant components.

This article is approximately 176 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


State of Open Source Software

Perforce Software surveys open source software in industry. Energy, oil and gas usage ‘up significantly’. EOG category N°1 in ‘planned nonfungible token implementation’! Small sample size argues for caution.

This article is approximately 281 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


Serious games in the Gulf

National Academies’ Gulf Research Program conducts oil spill preparedness exercise and plays ‘path to net zero’ game.

This article is approximately 184 words long. Click here if you would like to request a complimentary copy.


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