Volume 25 Number 5


The Open Energy Data Platform

Shell’s Johan Krebbers proselytizes open subsurface data universe at International Society of Automation virtual event. OSDU scope to creep over to support the internet of things/process domain leveraging cheap sensors, wireless connectivity, AI and the digital twin. Vive le ‘Energy Data Platform’.

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SuperMap 2020 Global Technology Conference

China’s GIS developer announces ‘geo-blockchain’ and AR. Geo big data GIS for Yuhan Province. Spatialized video surveillance. Korean SPH’s PLAS pipeline analysis system combines DNV GL’s SynergiSolver with iObjects GIS.

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Units of measure: A look back to the W3C Semantic Web in 2004 and a peek into OSDU’s future

Oil IT Journal’s Neil McNaughton recalls a 2004 editorial on how to unambiguously represent engineering units of measure in the digital world and checks in with the International Internet Consortium to see how progress is going on the thorny but critical issue. It’s still a bit vague but with a little detective work, a UoM crumb trail can be followed from the IIC, through OPC-UA, into the Open Geospatial Consortium’s Sensor Things, back to POSC/Energistics on again to OSDU! It’s a small UoM world!

Long time readers of Oil IT Journal may recall my 2004 editorial A million miles of spaghetti eaten every day where I reported from a plenary meeting of the W3C Semantic Web Interest Group. I will spare you a complete reprise of the editorial, just say that I asked a question of the assembled semantic web folks as follows…

‘[computer] data typing is important but what about units of measure? IT looks after its own with ‘strong typing’ of data pigeonholes, and then throws caution to the wind when the value of say, ‘3.75’ is stored in a precise floating point representation without recording if the length is feet, miles or meters. This causes spacecraft to crash, bridges to fall down and wells to be drilled in the wrong place’.

At the time I did not get a satisfactory answer. I had the impression that the UoM issue had dropped down a crack between the W3C and ISO. But the issue did not appear to trouble the community unduly.

I was reminded of all this when I received an announcement from the Industrial Internet Consortium for V2.3 of the Industrial Internet Vocabulary Technical Report, ‘one of six IIC technical reports that serve as de-facto industry guidelines on vocabulary, architectures, security, analytics, connectivity, and business strategy’. The report is said to specify common definitions for communication within the industrial internet ecosystem and is ‘the foundation for the collective body of work from the IIC’.

OK I thought, if you want to be able to talk to a connected device on another network, you had better be sure that you know what units the device is using. You may be interested in a whole slug of other metadata from the device but let’s keep it simple for the moment.

I downloaded the Report and scanned for units of measure. Zilch! So, I quizzed (trolled?) the IIC with the following: ‘I am curious that there is no reference in the vocabulary to “units of measure” or “engineering units”. This begs the question of how a remote IoT device can be interrogated and return a value with unambiguous units. Perhaps this issue is handled elsewhere in the IIC specs?

First reply was a bit of a brush off viz. ‘Units of measure are part of an implementation and not part of an architecture’. When I hear ‘architecture’ I think of arm waving and PowerPoints. The most egregious example being the long-forgotten Mura, Microsoft’s upstream reference architecture. I prefer code to architecture. So, I got back to the IIC asking for pointers as to how units are ‘implemented’. We have had some good feedback from IIC members which is ongoing. For now, I can report that there is clearly a recognition that UoM issues are important but that they are relegated to lower level ‘implementation’ issues. Having said that, our interlocuters at the IIC seem to think that it would be a good idea to look at how UoM implementation could be standardized.

So where might the IIC look for inspiration on the Units issue? A starting point might be the IIC’s own website and a paper on Usage of Standards in the Smart Factory Web Testbed, An Industrial Internet Consortium White Paper. Here we learn that the IIC Smart Factory (or its Industrie 4.0 cousin) is built on three ‘principal pivotal standards’ viz, OPC Unified Architecture (OPC UA), AutomationML and the Open Geospatial Consortium’s (OGC) SensorThings API. It would appear that Industrie 4.0 relies on the OGC for its standard units ontology*. So we can now trace the units of the IIC to the OGC’s Sensor Things, which seems to make sense.

But where did the OGC units work come from? The original 2002 OGC OpenGIS Recommendation Paper, Units of Measure Use and Definition Recommendations was authored by one John Bobbit from Energistics’ predecessor POSC. This built on prior art including POSC’s Epicentre data model and the API/Schlumberger’s RP66/DLIS spec. So now we have a traceback from the IIC to Energistics/POSC which is cool. Looking forward in the direction of OSDU it appears that OSDU embeds the Energistics UoM work work which is even cooler.

Of course, it is not enough to have a UoM standard someplace in your portfolio. What is important is that it is actually used. For the IoT this means a mechanism for broadcasting sensor metadata from a local part of the network in a machine-readable way. For OSDU, given that the data layer is Schlumberger’s OpenDES, it depends on whether this exposes a UoM service. For both IoT and OSDU, it also supposes that developers use the service in ‘deployment’.

* Although it could have relied on OPC UA which I understand has its own UOM spec although this would not appear to be machine readable.


Book Review: Pipeline Spatial Data Modeling and Pipeline WebGIS

Zhenpei Li’s book describes ‘PSDM’, a pipeline data model developed for China’s Yong-Hu-Ning long-distance pipeline. The book includes a short history of pipeline GIS, Li places pipeline GIS in the context of Al Gore’s 1998 ‘Digital Earth’. PSDM is a Chinese localization of the Esri APDM pipeline data model.

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UKCS data and digital maturity survey

Deloitte report for UK Oil and Gas finds the sector wanting. The fine report’s fine print suggests otherwise.

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Kappa Automate

Well test software now available as containerized ‘micro services’ for composition into bespoke workflows. Kappa’s Automate project shares concepts with OSDU. Oil IT Journal reports on a long exchange with Kappa CEO Oliver Houzé on the work of KAC, the Kappa Automation Consortium.

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Software, hardware short takes

Beicip-Franlab InterWell 2020, Open Flow Suite 2020. Bluware InteractiveAI. CGG GeoSoftware WellPath. Emerson/Paradigm Tempest 2020.3, Mette 2.2. Rock Flow Dynamics tNavigator v20.2. Stratagraph RockProp. AspenTech AIoT Hub. Barco laser video walls. Bilfinger PIDGraph. Brüel & Kjær Vibro VibroPort 8000. CEA Systems adds pipeline inspection to Plant4D. Modelica Standard Library V4.0. Neuron Soundware’s nShield basic. Pegasus Vertex TMPRO. Thermon Genesis Network. Assai Software’s DCMS 9.7. Cegal application management as a service. Esri ArcGIS Analytics for oil and gas IoT. Ideagen’s Q-Pulse cloud. R3 of OGRE Systems economics and volumetrics. Safe Software FME Server in Azure Marketplace.

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Reuters Petrochemical Development USA 2020

Shell principal digital product manager on the ‘fourth industrial revolution’, on the corona digital catalyst, and on the three factors for digital success. Shell is shifting development from product to user centricity. No job losses expected from AI.

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2020 ICC Inductive Automation Ignition Community Conference

Ignition, ‘teleworking new normal’. New ‘Maker’ freeware. Perspective for the control room. MQTT, the ‘protocol of choice’ for Industry 4.0. Pioneer’s event logging. Amazon/Cirrus Link SiteWise engine. Vertech, ‘Docker/DevOps to dominate development’. Corso’s blockchain-based operator logs. Moxa ThingsPro comms for the IoT.

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Folks, facts, orgs …

Reset Energy, Stress Engineering Services, Concawe, A.SPIRE, AqualisBraemar, Babcock & Wilcox, BCCK, Bechtel, Chevron, Crusoe Energy Systems, CSA Ocean Sciences, Datagration, eDrilling, Flotek, Flowserve, Fugro, Geospace, Halliburton Labs, HARC, Hexagon, IOGP, Schlumberger, McDermott, Motiva, OGUK, Offshore Technical Compliance, PRCI Technology Development, Quality Companies, Scientific Drilling International, SeekOps, Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Sercel-GRC, Siemens, Starwood Energy, Railroad Commission of Texas, Transportation Technology Center, Venture Global, Weatherford, Abrado, Equinor, Aspen Technology, Datamine, SEI/CMU, CMG, ConocoPhillips, DXC Technology, IFPEN, Houston Geological Society, OMV, Rockwell Automation, RPS Energy, TC Energy, Tullow Oil, FESAus, Longtime , Bureau of Economic Geology.

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Standards stuff

PIDX ETDX emissions reporting. OCG moots ZARR tensor data standard. PPDM explains reference lists. SEC publishes 2021 taxonomy. OPC Foundation, DeChema release UA DEXPI P&ID standard. IIC new vocabulary. OGC teams with Open Design Alliance. ECC, CII and CURT moot closer cooperation.

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Going, going ... green!

CCUS: ExxonMobil and Global Thermostat, DoE Lafarge-Holcim, Petra Nova closes, Petrofac FEED for Acorn CCS, IEA report on CCUS, Global CCS Institute updates CORE database, Alberta Carbon Trunk Line operational. Monitoring: Rocky Mountain Institute and Spherical Analytics developed blockchain ‘Climate Action Engine’, Gaffney-Cline on Permian flaring, Kairos Aerospace monitors DCP Midstream emissions, Veritas to monitor Shell’s leaks, AER explainer for flaring/emissions monitoring. Outlook/Transition: DNV GL on (slow) decarbonization progress and ‘transition faster hub’, EU on carbon neutrality, Stanford – methane ‘soars’ to record high, Geolsoc on geoscience and decarbonization. Hydrogen: Hydrogen Europe on FCH-JU, Gaffney Cline’s Focus on Blue Hydrogen. Consortia: ‘Coalition for a Better Business Environment’, ‘Coalition for the energy of the future’. Other: Fleetcor cards offset tailpipe emissions, Intertek’s ‘CarbonClear’ certification, CleanDesign Power Systems electric power for drilling rigs, BluEnergy consultancy launched, Puro.earth’s business model for CO2 removal, DNV GL approves Shell’s Cansolv CO2 removal technology, NPD updates Power from the shore report, PIDX ETDX.

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ECN/Energistics online Summer Digitalization Summit

Equinor researcher investigates blockchain in the IIoT. Is it possible to bridge the blockchain to real-world objects?

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2020 Go Digital Energy Summit

Panel session on covid-induced digital retrenchment. Bilfinger’s DeepGraph P&ID analyzer. Kongsberg’s KogniTwin and ‘Unify’ data management. Saudi Aramco’s IMOMS integrated manufacturing.

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Asset administration shell for the digital twin

US Industrial Internet Consortium and German Industrie 4.0 body propose ‘shell’ for digital twins. AAS is a standards-based ‘uniform regulatory framework’ for decentralized systems and artificial intelligence. Flagship implementation in SAP’s i40-aas. Initiative shows push-back from operations on IT encroachment.

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Sales, partnerships, deployments

Accenture myWizard for Equinor SAP migration. ADNOC and Group 42 team on oil and gas AI. ConocoPhillips extends Aker Solutions North Sea agreement. Akselos develops ‘structural digital twin’ for Shell Bonga Main FPSO. Alta Resources deploys Ambyint’s InfinityPL and SmartStream. China Zhenhua Oil selects Amphora Symphony. APT and Fluid Inclusion form post-well analysis JV. Apache extends Beryl/Forties contract with Archer. Heide implements Aspen GDOT. NOV to leverage Axway’s API management platform. BKO Services partners with Seeq for oil and gas analytics. Equinor funds Data Gumbo. Shell deploys Bluware Pickasso. BP teams with Microsoft on ‘net-zero’ goals. Wintershall deploys Cognite Data Fusion. Atos delivers Cohesity to Siemens. Snøhvit partners award Aibel FEED. Ctrl2GO ‘partners’ with Saudi Arabia. Dana rolls-out Infor SunSystems. Ecopetrol awards Doris engineering contract. eDrilling funded through Norwegian DEMO 2000 program. Enbridge joins ONE Future natural gas coalition. DUG McCloud for Equinor. Equinor funds Earth Science Analytics. Eserv to digitize Neptune’s Cygnus platform. Explor, Halliburton and AWS partnered on seismics in the cloud. New Sirius members. Halliburton teams with Honeywell. Total selects Ikon’s iPoint well data solution. Implico teams with Aquarius Software. Juniper Networks teams with Schweitzer and Dragos. Kongsberg Digital teams with ABB. Kongsberg’s Kognitwin for Shell. M-Files extends Asia partnership with Iron Mountain. Marlink satellite for SeaOwl. Mobil selects P97 Networks. Refuelling Solutions choses PDI Logistics Cloud. Peloton teams with Sfile on AI/ML. OGTC appoints Petrofac to data task force. PGS partners with SurplusHub. PTTEP to deploy Landmark DecisionSpace. New deals for Quorum. P2ES platform for Santos. Schlumberger, IBM and Red Hat team on Delfi/OpenShift platform. Turkish Petroleum selects Sercel. Sixgill partners with CleanConnect.ai. KOC awards Schlumberger contract. BP deploys SparkCognition. Alibaba and Total (China) sign MoU. Weatherford selects INT IVAAP. Husky deploys White Whale DeepSea AI. Uniper selects Wipro for blockchain fulfillment. Wood partners with AspenTech. SRO Solutions completes Modec digitization.

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Done deals

AspenTech gets Nasdaq warning. CGG sells Multi-Physics Business. Covenant Testing Technologies to merge with Stuart Pressure Control. EQT exits Altus. FTS Intl. restructures. Wolters Kluwer acquires CGE Risk Management. Aveva buys OSIsoft. Olympe SA funded by Inter Invest Capital. Palantir Technologies float flops. Pelican Energy Partners acquires MWD specialist Noralis. Reset Energy has acquired Heroes Energy Solutions. Seeq Corp closes Series B expansion. Hexagon acquires TacticaWare. Iraya Energies gets Series A funding. Siemens floats Siemens Energy AG. Schlumberger transfers North American frack business to Liberty Oilfield Services. Schlumberger and TEP form GeoFrame Energy. Total becomes a Société Européenne.

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OSDU update

PPDM explains relationship with Open subsurface data universe. OSDU to leverage PPDM rules. Training program floated. Schlumberger publishes ‘Concise guide to OSDU’ for production-ready R3.

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Shell’s Studio-X

Open innovation studio to reimagine the future of work in exploration.

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Cyber security round-up

Lloyd’s Register reports on IIoT cyber-risk. NIST publications: Zero Trust architectures, Recovering from ransomware. OGTC/Baringa study of Cyber security in UK oil and gas. Acronis Cyber Backup for ‘air-gapped’ environments. Asigra’s Deep MFA cloud-based backup. Noble Group deploys Alsid’s Active Directory security. SCADAWall, new ‘data diode’ from Bayshore Networks. Chevron selects SecurityGate.io for OT cyber security. Cynet’s breach prevention platform. RigNet’s Cyphre encryption for the harsh edge. CME Software Engineering Institute open sources Kalki IoT security platform. SEI announces ‘Vince’ vulnerability reporting platform. IIC white paper on software trustworthiness best practices. Surge Engineering joins ISA Global Cyber Security Alliance. ISA/Saudi Aramco host ISA/IEC 62443 OT cyber security webinars.

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Automation, the pandemic and oil and gas jobs

Recent studies from EY, Rystad and Deloitte offer different takes on the employment situation in oil and gas.

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Regulatory round-up

Alberta foreign funding enquiry moves slowly. Norway tenders for Diskos 2.0, updates annual status reporting. IOGP’s new guide to contract area description (geomatics). North Dakota puts furloughees to work, updates NorthSTAR database. Texas RRC 2021 inspection plan, new remediation site viewer and CASES portal update.

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Drones, 3D Printing … but no blockchain!

Equinor flies a ‘3D printed nozzle’ out to an offshore platform, by drone!

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