Volume 23 Number 2


Editorial Oil IT hits the New York Times

The New York Times reports on GE’s ‘paring back’ of its flagship Predix platform. Oil IT Journal editor Neil McNaughton reflects on GE’s hopes and disappointments, unpicking the flaws in GE’s push to be ‘a top ten software company’ by 2020. These include some exaggeration of the ‘bigness’ of big data that will likely impact other similarly oversold ventures.

It’s not every day that oil and gas IT gets into the New York Times. This felt rather curious for one who has been writing about the subject for over 20 years, almost an infringement of one’s personal space. On April 19th, Steve Lohr covered GE’s ‘pivot’ away from its grandiose plans to be a ‘top 10 software company by 2020’ as the then CEO Jeff Immelt stated back in 2015. Lohr reported that Predix GE has been pared back from being an ‘operating system for the industrial internet’ to a ‘set of software tools to help write applications rather than being connected to layers of code for automating data analysis.’ From platform to app. Quite a come down!

Immelt was both a visionary and cheerleader for the big data/artificial intelligence/analytics movement. GE began its digital push for real in 2011, with the opening of its digital business unit in San Ramon, California. As Immelt loved to explain, the idea was to harden the open source Hadoop-esque software environment that has spun out of the Google/Facebook brigade and develop a data and analytics platform for ‘big’ industrial data. Immelt managed to convince many that using the GAFA’s technology would bring the GAFA’s success. It took me a while to unpick this and I admit to being somewhat wise after the event, but in my 2017 editorial, I described this as the ‘great misunderstanding.’ I highlighted how poorly the business models of the GAFAs mapped across to the industrial domain. This was GE’s first problem.

But there was an even bigger problem with the whole notion of ‘big’ data. When I take a snap with my digital camera, a couple of megabytes eventually find their way into the iCloud (and the Google cloud and, I think, chez Microsoft too). Multiply that by a couple of billion photographers snapping away daily and you do indeed have big data. Most of the peta-exabytes of data that we are told are being produced every day, year or whatever, are of this nature. We could call this ‘capricious’ big data. This is not to be confused with the ‘nasty’ big data that Facebook and the now defunct Cambridge Analytica purvey, but I digress. Immelt’s plan to recast the GAFA business model into industry relied on the ‘fact’ of big data. Back in 2013, GE reported that ‘a modern aircraft collects around a terabyte of information per day.’

At the time, I found this hard to believe, although I have heard it repeated often subsequently. In a short email exchange with GE I learned that (in 2017) ‘GE engines produce data snapshots at various points in flight, such as take-off, climb and cruise. The snapshots include up to 1,000 different measurement parameters, and each engine can pump out between 50 to 200 megabytes of data per flight depending on the flight time.’ So we are at most in gigabyte not terabyte country.

My skepticism in the context of oil and gas big data comes from my 20 plus years of tracking the industry. One outfit that has been doing analytics for a very long time is Intelligent Solutions whose ‘Top down reservoir model’ has been using AI/analytics for a couple of decades. A while back, I asked CEO Shahab Mohaghegh how they managed with the big data issue. He looked surprised. The software ran on a PC and seemingly there were no problems with data overload. When you think about it, this is not all that surprising since reservoir models are made on historical data that predates any data explosion. But does the data explosion even exist?

There are good reasons to think not. Oilfield data (and, I bet, airline data) is extremely un-capricious. Sensors are not ubiquitous, low-cost and ‘Nest like.’ They are esoteric devices that are very expensive to deploy, especially in Atex/explosive environments. They also require expensive maintenance and regular calibration. Their data may be rather hard to get at, as it can be more or less concealed from the outside world in proprietary formats. That this is an issue today is evident from our report in this issue from the ABC Wellsite Automation conference.

I don’t want to give the impression that I am just beating-up on Jeff Immelt and GE. There are many others companies which have promised the moon in this context. The whole world is hooked on the big data/AI meme. But when you hear an oil CEO citing a geophysical processing center as an example of AI/big data, you know that something has gone wrong in the Chinese whispers that emanate from the consultants, through the IT department and into the boardroom.

Another checkpoint in my evaluation of the bigness of big data came from a remark I caught at the 2017 EU Spire conference on the future of plant operations made by BASF’s head of R&D, Achim Stammer who opined that, ‘in the process industry, I would say that we do not have big data.’

Of course, none of the above will stop ‘the media’ (Oil IT Journal included) from reporting on the excitement and hype that the big data/AI movement has brought. In this very issue we bring you an on-the-spot report from the Data science in energy event co-hosted earlier this year by France’s premier R&D establishments Inria and IFPen. There is indeed a lot going on in this space, as many researchers are enthusiastically developing away with the open source, big data tools. Elsewhere in this issue we report on multiple AI-related developments, in natural language processing, in AI-driven multiphase flow metering and on developments in DNV GL’s Veracity, a competing platform to GE’s Predix and on applications of Google’s TensorFlow. We also dutifully report on what I consider to be very improbable developments in the tulipomania that is blockchain. Just remember, as the Romans had it, caveat emptor!

@neilmcn

Headlines

Shell and the public cloud

Shell enterprise platform manager envisages a ‘different energy system’ and a division of IT labor between ‘parity’ and internal value-added development. All in the cloud.

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Rockwell Analytics

Project Scio transmutes into Factory Talk Analytics, brings data driven, intuitive ‘storyboards’ to non specialists.

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2018 IFP Energies Nouvelles DataSciEnergy conference

INRIA on combining predictive modeling with expert rules. CNRS on why AI proofs of concept don’t make it into production. Total on AI’s ‘rough start’ in industry and on how to ‘fill the empty data lakes.’ U Paris on the history of ML, from the Perceptron of 1958 to Google TensorFlow. Total on detecting weak signals in pipeline data to prevent major safety events. U Paris on combining physics with data-driven models. INRIA’s topological data analysis of zeolite gas filters.

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Review: Reservoir pattern surveillance with streamlines

Batycky and Thiele’s book outlines a faster/cheaper approach to surveillance and optimization.

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Seismics in-the-cloud

Tape Ark demos direct-to-cloud acquisition at PPDM event. Osokey’s cloud-native seismic platform.

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Google TensorFlow, Scikit-learn extend Ikon’s RokDoc

Machine learning used in facies classification and shale porosity evaluation.

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Emerson/Paradigm geoscience suite for Total, Repsol

New software sales announced. Total joins Paradigm’s ‘next generation’ OpenDB consortium.

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Software, hardware short takes …

CGG, EnergyIQ, Entero, Geologix, IFPen ‘FraC,’ INT GeoToolkit, MVE Move, NIST’s ‘Dual-Comb,’ Opto 22’s Epic, P2 ES’ Qbyte, Red Hat, Sunrise Systems, Rock Flow Dynamics, Yokogawa.

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Rice 2018 High performance computing in oil and gas, Houston

Anadarko’s data science. Shell, ‘AI heralds major labor force change.’ Microsoft’s plethoric Azure offering. Park Energy on ‘long short term memory networks.’ Schlumberger on HPC in the cloud.

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2018 ABC Wellsite Automation, Houston

American Business Conferences Wellsite Automation conference reflects shift from proprietary scada to IoT/MQTT. Whiting Petroleum’s open source historian. Microsoft/eLynx on tank level monitoring. Devon on MQTT and the ‘future of automation.’ Encana - automation may (or may not) reduce lifting costs. GlobaLogix ‘IoT won’t happen until the procurement process is fixed.’ Clariant’s strategy for the (chemicals) IoT. Apache on catching-up on automation. Devon on the ‘rise of the machines.’

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Folks, facts, orgs ...

Adlink Technology, ARMA International, British Geological Society, BP America, CGG, Chevron, Comisión Nacional de Hidrocarburos, Energistics, eLynx Technologies, Heritage Global, Hunter Group, IFS, iLandMan, IOGP, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mogas, NETL, Microsoft, OGC, Oildex, Gartner, Cortex, PIDX, SAS, Schneider Electric, Shell, Siemens, Spatial Networks, Oxy, SPE, Technical Toolboxes, UK Oil & Gas Technology Centre, ITF, TU Delft, Verdazo Analytics, Weatherford, White & Case, Craytive Technologies, Wellsite.

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Done deals

ABB, Arkad Engineering merger. AspenTech acquires Apex Optimisation. Hunter Group’s IKM Subsea acquisition thwarted. Intertek to acquire Proasem. Oceaneering acquires Ecosse Subsea. Quorum Software acquires Entero. Siemens acquires Agilion GmbH. SSI management buy-out.

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Cyber security round-up

EY infosec survey finds oils ‘worried.’ NIST posts Federal register notice for energy sector. Schneider Electric teams with Cylance. Siemens signs with Tenable. Cymmetria OK’s its own ‘hack back’ technology. Leidos’ ‘risk cube.’ Waterfall on Meldown/Spectre risk to control systems.

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IBM’s inaugural ‘Think’conference

Maersk’s cognitive driller. Maximo extended for Diamond Offshore and KOC. Schneider’s ‘evil twin.’

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Sales, partnerships, deployments ...

Accenture, Arundo Analytics, Fuglesangs, Emerson, Quantico, Target, Implico, TechnipFMC, Aker Solutions, Cognite, Aramco, MIT, Berkana, CSA Ocean Sciences, HWCG, Expro, Vision iO, Fugro, LMKR, Aram, IFS, Invasystems, Falkonry, Kongsberg Digital, Oil Spill Response, CEDRE, P2 Energy Solutions, Ryder Scott, Millennium, Atos, Siemens, Tessella, IQ Scan, Cenozon, Peak AI, BC IoT.

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Standards stuff...

Katalyst’s PPDM gold. SEC OK’s oil taxonomy. CII to head JIP Survey. FOSA pipeline primer. OPC UA goes pub/sub. SEAM floats machine learning for seismics.

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Going, going… green

NETL open sources CCSI software. DoE funds CCS, ML in energy and CCS geomechanics. Harc’s green drilling system. CMI on fate of frac fluids. PTAC’s Upstream eco-efficiency handbook.

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Blockchain in oil and gas

Initiatives from BP, Chartwell, Lloyds, Ondiflow, ConsenSys, Petroteq, WellSite.

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DNV GL Veracity learns from 80,000 well dataset

Driller AGR’s iQX software now hosted on ‘open’ well data platform.

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ABB, Arundo team on MPM in the cloud

‘World’s first’ claim for cloud-based, virtual multi-phase flowmeter for offshore oil and gas.

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Gazer, geoscience-aware sentiment analysis

Researcher Paul Cleverley unveils geo text data mining with ensemble machine learning.

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Majors’ websites: HTML compliant? (No). Tracking?(some).

A quick survey of oil and gas major’s websites reveals one user of the Facebook tracking pixel!

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